HomeNepal ResourcesNational Symbol of Nepal

National Symbols of Nepal

The national insignias are in a way theme of a particular nation. These are the symbols and things that the inhabitant of that nation respect and want to be respected. In a way, these symbols are attached with the conscience of the citizens of that nation.

National Flag of Nepal

The national flag of Nepal is distinct in itself. First of all, it is not rectangular as the flags of other countries are. Then again it is not a single banner but a combination of two banners. It has a red with a blue border around the unique shape of two overlapping right triangles. The smaller, upper triangle bears a white stylized moon and the larger lower triangle bears a white 12-pointed sun. Both these triangles bear the signs of two ruling dynasties respectively.

National Emblem of Nepal

The national emblem of Nepal was changed during the reconciliation period following the Nepalese Civil War. On 30 December 2006, a new coat of arms was introduced. It contains the flag of Nepal, Mount Everest, green hills symbolising the hilly regions of Nepal and yellow colour symbolising the fertile terai region, male and female hands joining to symbolise gender equality, and a garland of rhododendrons (the national flower). Atop this is a white silhouette in the shape of Nepal. At the base of the design a red scroll carries the national motto in Sanskrit: जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपी गरीयसी (jananī janmabhūmiśca svargādapi garīyasī), which translates as "The mother and the motherland are greater than heaven."

The national emblem in use before 30 December 2006 consists of a white cow, a green pheasant (Himalayan Monal), two Gurkha soldiers (one carrying a kukri and a bow, and the other a rifle), peaks of the Himalayas, two crossed Nepalese flags and kukris, the footprints of Gorakhnath (the guardian deity of the Gurkhas) and the royal headress. It also contained the same red scroll with the national motto.

National Bird and Animal of Nepal

National bird and animal of Nepal are Lophophoros and Cow respectively. These creatures are the most revered in the entire Kingdom of Nepal. The cow being the thing of reverence in Hinduism has a special place in the heart of the Nepalese. Therefore forget beef till the time you are in Nepal. Don't mention it and never ever ask for it.






Culture & Religion

Melting pot of Hinduism and Buddhism

Religious practices are an important part of the lives of the Nepalese people. Mythologies of various Hindu gods and goddesses around in this country and cultural values are based on the philosophies of holy books like the Gita, Ramayana, etc.


Festivals in Nepal

More festivals than days in a year

The rich cultural heritage of Nepal is best expressed in the many large and small festivals that occur through out the year, though the Nepalese have diverse beliefs and ethnic backgrounds. All unite in the celebration of the year's major festivals.


Lakes in Nepal


The pleasure of touching water waves while siting on a boat cannot be described in words. A relaxing boat drive on Phewa lake of Pokhara is one of the most soothing experiences in Nepal. Leisure boating can be done in various locations. Pokhara, set in a lush topical alley, with a backdrop of the Annapurna range, is blessed with many lakes and is the most famous spot for boating activities.